100+ important ICT Abbreviations in Computer 


 ICT Abbreviations in Computer
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 ICT Abbreviations in Computer

Basic ICT Abbreviations in Computer Abbreviations:

 

BIOS – This is the Basic Input Output System which controls the computer, telling it what operations to perform. These instructions are on a chip that connects to the motherboard.

BYTE – A byte is a storage unit for data.

CPU – This stands for the Central Processing Unit of the computer. This is like the computer’s brain.

MAC – This is an abbreviation for Macintosh, which is a type of personal computer made by the Apple Computer company.

OS – This is the Operating System of the computer. It is the main program that runs on a computer and begins automatically when the computer is turned on.

PC – This is the abbreviation for personal computer. It refers to computers that are IBM compatible.

PDF – This represents the Portable Document Format which displays in a format that is ready for the web.

RAM – This stands for Random Access Memory which is the space inside the computer that can be accessed at one time. If you increase the amount of RAM, then you will increase the computer’s speed. This is because more of a particular program is able to be loaded at one time.

ROM – This is Read Only Memory which is the instruction for the computer and cannot be altered.

VGA – The Video Graphics Array is a system for displaying graphics. It was developed by IBM.

WYSIWYG – This initialism stands for What You See Is What You Get. It is pronounced “wizziwig” and basically means that the printer will print what you see on your monitor.

FTP – This is a service called File Transport Protocol which moves a _le between computers using the Internet.

HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language formats information so it can be transported on the Internet.

HTTP – Hypertext Transfer Protocol is a set of instructions for the software that controls the movement of files on the Internet.

IP – This stands for Internet Protocol which is the set of rules that govern the systems connected to the Internet. IP Address is a digitalcode specific to each computer thatis hooked up to the Internet.

ISP – The Internet Service Provider is the company which provides Internet service so you can connect your computer to the Internet.

LAN – This stands for Local Area Network which is the servers that your computer connects to in your geographic area.

PPP – Point-to-Point Protocol is the set of rules that allow your computer to use the Internet protocols using a phone line and modem.

URL – This is the Uniform Resource Locator which is a path to a certain le on the World Wide Web.

USB – The Universal Serial Bus is used for communications between certain devices. It    can connect keyboards, cameras,printers, mice,         ash drives, and other devices. Its use has expanded from personal computers to PDAs, smart phones, and video games, and        is used as a power cord to connect devices to a wall outlet to charge them.

VR – Virtual Reality simulatesa three-dimensional scene on the computer and has the capability of interaction. This is widely used in gaming.

VRML – Virtual Reality Markup Language allows the display of 3D images. 

 

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Basic ICT Abbreviations in Computer Abbreviations:

  • AGP – Accelerated Graphic Port
  • PC – Personal Computer
  • EPROM – Erasable Programmable Read OnlyMemory
  • BIOS – Basic Input and Output System
  • HDD – Hard Disk Drive
  • PCI – Peripheral Component Interconnect
  • UNIVAC – Universal Automatic Computer
  • GUI – Graphic User Interface
  • USB – Universal Serial Bus
  • VGA – Visual Graphic Adaptor
  • MAN – Metropolitan Area Network
  • ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  • WAN – Wide Area Network
  • EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
  • LAN – Local Area Network
  • EEPROM/EAPROM – Electrical Erasable/Alterable Programmable Read Only Memory
  • CPU – Central Processing Unit
  • OS – Operating System
  • ALU – Arithmetic and Logic Unit
  • DVD – Digital Versatile Disc
  • CD – Compact Disk
  • ROM – Read Only Memory
  • VDU – Visual Display Unit
  • RAM – Random Access Memory
  • ICT – Information Communication Technology
  • PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory
  • URL – Uniform Resource Locator
  • IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics
  • FORTRAN – Formular Translator
  • MOS – Metaoxide Semi-Conductor
  • ATX – Advanced Technology Extended
  • SIM – Subscriber Identification Module
  • MHZ – Megahertz
  • ISP – Internet Service Provider
  • GHZ – Gigahertz
  • DBMS – Database Management System
  • SQL – Structured Query Language
  • RW – Re-Writeable
  • SDT – Serial Data Transmission
  • CAN – Campus Area Network
  • SIMMs – Single In-line Memory Module
  • PAN – Personal Area Network
  • DIMMs – Dual In-line Memory Module
  • CMOS – Complimentary Metaoxide Semi-Conductor
  • ENIAC – Electronic Number Integrator andCalculator
  • CMD – Command
  • EDSAC – Electronic Dialog Storage Automatic Computer
  • MAC – Media Access Control
  • IC – Integrated Circuit
  • LSIC – Large Scale Integrated Circuit
  • DIR – Directory
  • GIGO – Gabbage in Gabbage Out
  • PHP – PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
  • DOC – Document
  • PDT – Parallel Data Transmission
  • PDA – Personal Digital Assistant
  • USSD – Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
  • WWW – World Wide Web
  • COBOL – Common Basic Oriented Language
  • CCNP – Cisco Certified Network Professionals
  • BASIC – Beginner All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
  • CEH – Certified Ethical Hacking
  • TCP – Transmission Control Protocol
  • CSS – Cascading Style Sheet
  • CISCO – Computer Information System Company
  • XXS – Cross Site Scripting
  • XML – Extensible Mark-up Language
  • HTML – Hypertext Markup Language
  • CCNA – Cisco Certified Network Associate
  • RFI – Remote File Inclusion
  • HTTP –Hypertext Transfer Protocol
  • DDOS –Distribution Denial of Service
  • VPN –Virtual Private Network
  • SEO –Search Engine Optimization
  • IP – Internet Protocol

The following are the most commonly used file size options:

  1. Byte (B): The smallest unit of file size, equivalent to 8 bits.
  2. Kilobyte (KB): 1 KB is equivalent to 1024 bytes.
  3. Megabyte (MB): 1 MB is equivalent to 1024 KB or 1,048,576 bytes.
  4. Gigabyte (GB): 1 GB is equivalent to 1024 MB or 1,073,741,824 bytes.
  5. Terabyte (TB): 1 TB is equivalent to 1024 GB or 1,099,511,627,776 bytes.
  6. Petabyte (PB): 1 PB is equivalent to 1024 TB or 1,125,899,906,842,624 bytes.
The list comprises a comprehensive glossary of common abbreviations and acronyms used in information and communication technology (ICT). ICT encompasses technologies, tools, and strategies employed for communication, data processing, storage, and retrieval. The abbreviations include 2FA (Two Factor Authentication), 3G (Third Generation), 4G (Fourth Generation), 5G (Fifth Generation), A/D (Analog to Digital), AAA (Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting), AAC (Advanced Audio Coding), and AAL (ATM Adaptation Layer). The list also includes AAS (Authentication as a Service), ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming), AC (Alternating Current), ACC (Adaptive Cruise Control), ACL (Access Control List), ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface), and AD (Active Directory). Furthermore, the list features ADC (Analog to Digital Converter), ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line), AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), AFK (Away From Keyboard), AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port), and A-GPS (Assisted GPS). Additionally, the list covers AI (Artificial Intelligence), AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML), ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit), AM (Amplitude Modulation), and AMOLED (Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode).

2 comments on “100+ important ICT Abbreviations in Computer 

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