Literary Criticism & Theories

Literary Criticism & Theories

Literary Criticism & Theories

Literary criticism and theories refer to the various methods and approaches that scholars use to analyze and interpret works of literature. These include historical, formalist, structuralist, feminist, psychoanalytic, Marxist, postcolonial, and reader-response approaches, among others. Historical criticism looks at the social and cultural context in which a work was written, while formalist criticism focuses on the text itself and its literary techniques. Structuralist criticism seeks to identify patterns and themes within the literature, while feminist criticism examines gender and identity issues within the text. Psychoanalytic criticism explores the unconscious desires of the author and characters, while Marxist criticism looks at the work in terms of class and power dynamics. Postcolonial criticism examines the representation of colonial and postcolonial experiences, and reader-response criticism considers the role of the reader in interpreting a text. These various approaches offer different insights and interpretations of literature, providing a rich and diverse field of stu&

Phases of Literary Criticism


 Hellenic Criticism Literary Criticism Neo Classic criticism Renaissance The Dark Middle Ages The Modern Age Victorian Criticism


 Archetypal criticism, Biographical criticism, Comparative criticism, Descriptive criticism, Evaluative criticism, Historical criticism, Impressionistic criticism, Judicial criticism, Legislative criticism, Psychological criticism, Sociologic and Marxist criticism, Textual or Ontological criticism, Theoretical criticism, Types of Literary Criticism

Theory of Art

Plato: Republic and Theory of Imitation

Plato (428 -348 B.C.)
The Dialogue:  total- 36
 The dialogue is between Glaucon and Adeimantus who have both experienced the influence of the Sophists. 


 “Knowing yourself is the beginning of all wisdom.”Name: Aristotle Occupation: philosopher Birth: c. 384 BC E Death: c. 322 BCE Education: Plato’s Academy,

greco roman culture

 Ars Poetica, Augustan Rome, greco roman culture, Horace, Literary Culture, On the Sublime, pax romana, THE ART OF POETRY, The Great Dionysia

Renaissance Criticism

 Apologie for Poetrie, Francis Bacon, humanism, Renaissance Criticism, Sir Philip Sydney, Stephen Gosson, The Advancement of Learning, THE ART OF POETRY, THE COMPLETE MAN, THE DEFENCE OF POETRY


An Apology for Poetry, Astrophel and Stella, Sir Philip Sidney, The Poet and Poetry, Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586)


 A Defense of Poetry, Sleep and Poetry, Biographia Literaria (1817), Defence of Poetry, Dialectic unity, FANCY, French Revolution, IMAGINATION, John Keats, Lyrical ballads, M. H. Abrams, Primary and Secondary imagination, romanticism, S. T. Coleridge – Biographia Literaria, Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s Lyrical Ballads, The mirror and the lamp, what is Art? What is Enlightenment? what is Poetry? who is a Poet? William Wordsworth


 Alexander Pope, Critic as a Poet, Dryden as Critic, Essay on Criticism, Essay on Dramatic Poesy, Mimesis or Phantasia, Neo-classical Criticism: John Dryden


The “Preface to Shakespeare” in “Johnson’s Edition of Shakespeare” discusses Shakespeare’s writing style, his focus on nature and the portrayal of England during his time. The writer also highlights some issues with Shakespeare’s writing such as his errors with “The Unities”.

Victorian Age

Aestheticism and Thomas Hardy, Anthony Trollope, Art for art’s sake, Charles Darwin, Dickens, Emile Zola, Friedrich Engels, George Eliot, Gustave Flaubert, Karl Marx, Literary Criticism in the Victorian Age, Mallarme, Marxism, Naturalism, Platonic philosophy, Symbolism, T.S. Eliot, Thackeray, Thomas Hardy, and William Makepeace Thackeray are included in this list.


Marxist literary criticism is a theoretical framework and approach to analyzing literature through the lens of Marxist theory.


 the concept of archetype refers to recurring narrative designs, patterns of action, character types, themes, and images that appear in a wide range of literary works, as well as in myths, dreams, and even social rituals.

Literary criticism Theoretical criticismpractical criticism Impressionistic criticism Judicial criticism

Literary criticism is a broad field of study that encompasses various approaches and methods aimed at understanding, analyzing, and evaluating works of literature.