UNESCO World Heritage Site – Machu Picchu – Art & Tourism

Machu Picchu Peru
Categories : Tourism in Art
Machu Picchu Peru
Early morning in wonderful Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Peru. Here’s some information about tourism in Machu Picchu:

  1. Location: Machu Picchu is located in the Andes Mountains of Peru, near the town of Aguas Calientes (also known as Machu Picchu Pueblo). It is situated at an elevation of approximately 2,430 meters (7,970 feet) above sea level.
  2. Historical Importance: Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca citadel that dates back to the 15th century. It was built by the Inca civilization and served as a significant religious, ceremonial, and administrative center. The site was abandoned and remained hidden until its rediscovery in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, an American explorer.
  3. Access to Machu Picchu: The most common way to reach Machu Picchu is by train from Cusco or Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes. From there, visitors can take a bus or hike up to the site. The classic Inca Trail trek is a popular multi-day hiking route that offers a scenic and adventurous journey to Machu Picchu. It’s important to note that permits are required for the Inca Trail, and it is advisable to book in advance.
  4. Entry Tickets: To visit Machu Picchu, visitors must purchase an entry ticket. It’s recommended to buy tickets in advance, especially during peak seasons, as there is a daily limit on the number of visitors. There are different ticket options available, including general admission tickets and tickets that allow access to additional areas like Huayna Picchu or Machu Picchu Mountain (which require separate permits).
  5. Guided Tours: While not mandatory, hiring a local guide can enhance your experience at Machu Picchu. They provide historical and cultural insights, explaining the significance of different structures and sharing stories about the Inca civilization.
  6. Best Time to Visit: Machu Picchu can be visited year-round, but the dry season from May to September is generally considered the best time. During this period, the weather is typically clearer, with less rainfall. However, it’s still advisable to be prepared for changes in weather, as the site is located in a mountainous region.
  7. Sustainable Tourism: Machu Picchu is a fragile archaeological site, and efforts are being made to promote sustainable tourism. Visitors are encouraged to follow designated trails, respect the environment, and adhere to the regulations and guidelines provided by the authorities.
  8. Nearby Attractions: The region around Machu Picchu offers other interesting attractions to explore. The Sacred Valley, Ollantaytambo, and the town of Cusco are popular destinations that showcase Inca ruins, traditional markets, and vibrant local culture.

Remember to plan your trip well in advance, especially if you’re considering hiking the Inca Trail or visiting during peak seasons. It’s also recommended to acclimatize to the high altitude before visiting Machu Picchu to avoid altitude sickness.

Also Read 15 World Heritage Sites of UNESCO

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